Archive | February, 2011

Word of the Day: Otokomae 男前

22 Feb

Persona 4 (PS2)

Word of the Day: 男前おとこまえ (noun) handsome man.

Notes: 男 may stand by itself as おとこ (noun: man). It is the おとこ in 男気おとこぎ (noun: chivalry), 男狂いおとこぐるい (noun, suru verb: being wanton; chasing men), and the i-adjective 男らしいおとこらしい (manly). 男 is the だん in 男性だんせい (noun: male) and the なん in 長男ちょうなん (noun: one’s eldest son).

前 may be read by itself as まえ (in front of or before). It appears in compounds as varied as 午前ごぜん (before noon; AM) and 建前たてまえ (tatemae).

Word of the Day: Hatsumei 発明

21 Feb

Slapstick (SNES)

Word of the Day: 発明はつめい (noun, suru verb) (An) invention.

Notes: 発明 has a few derived terms: 発明家はつめいか (noun: inventor), 発明者はつめいしゃ (noun: inventor), and 発明品はつめいひん (noun: invention).

発 appears in a variety of compounds, including 発表はっぴょう (noun, suru verb: announcement), 発売はつばい (noun, suru verb: to sell) and 不発ふはつ (noun: misfire).

明 appears as the base of the adjective 明るいあかるい (bright). It’s the first character in 明日あした and the めい in 説明せつめい (noun, suru verb: explanation) and 明治めいじ (noun: the Meiji Era, 1868-1912).

Word of the Day: Buji 無事

18 Feb

エマ様!ご無事ですか?

Last Remnant (PC/Steam)

Word of the Day: 無事ぶじ (noun) Safety, peace, good health.

Notes: 無 is the root of the adjective 無いない, which expresses absence or negation. It can form words like 無数むすう(noun, no-/na- adjective: countless, uncountable, infinite), 無口むくち(noun, no-/na- adjective: reticent; taciturn), and 無地むじ(noun, no- adjective: plain).

事 may be read by itself as こと(thing). It appears in a large variety of common words, including 返事へんじ(noun, suru verb: reply), 事故じこ(noun: accident), and 火事かじ(noun: a fire).

Word of the Day: Kerai 家来

17 Feb

オレ様は、おまえの家来じゃないんだぜ

Arabian Nights: Sabaku no Seirei Ou (SNES)

Word of the Day: 家来けらい (noun) A follower, servant, vassal, retinue, etc.

Notes: 家, by itself, means “house” and can be read as 「いえ」 or 「うち」. It’s a part of compounds like 家族かぞく(noun: family), 家庭かてい(noun: home, family, household), and 画家がか(noun: painter). 来 is the base of the verb 来るくる(to come) and appears in compounds like 未来みらい(noun: the future), 以来いらい(temporal/adverbial noun: since, henceforth), and 来訪らいほう(noun, suru verb: to visit).

Word of the Day: Meirei 命令

16 Feb

Arabian Nights: Sabaku no Seirei Ou

Word of the Day: 命令めいれい (noun, suru verb) An order; a decree.

Notes: By itself, 命 can be read as いのち(noun: life). It forms the root of the transitive verb 命じるめいじる and appears as the めい in 運命うんめい(noun: fate).

令 appears in compounds like 禁令きんれい (noun: prohibition; ban), 発令はつれい (noun, suru verb: announcement; order), and 禁令きんれい (noun, no adjective: laws and ordinances; legislative acts).

Word of the Day: Yuukyuu 悠久

15 Feb

Arabian Nights: Sabaku no Seirei Ou (SNES)

Word of the Day: 悠久ゆうきゅう (noun, na adjective, no adjective) Eternity, permanence.

Notes: 悠 also appears in the words 悠長ゆうちょう (na adjective: slow, easygoing) and 悠々ゆうゆう (taru adjective: quiet, calm).

久 appears in words like 久し振りひさしぶり (na adjective, no adjective: a long while), 持久じきゅう (noun, suru verb: endurance), and 耐久性たいきゅうせい (noun: durability).

Word of the Day: Wakusei 惑星

14 Feb

インパクト 「あれが 惑星インパクトです。」

Ganbare Goemon - Boku Ga Dancer ni Natta Riyuu - Kira Kira Douchuu (SNES)

Word of the Day: 惑星わくせい (noun) A planet.

Notes: 惑星 also forms the compound 小惑星しょうわくせい (noun: asteroid).

惑 appears in several similar words relating to confusion: The nouns 惑いまどい (noun: perplexity) and 戸惑いとまどい (loss of bearings, confusion); the verbs 惑うまどう (intransitive: to be perplexed), 戸惑うとまどう (intransitive: to be perplexed), and 惑わすまどわす (transitive: to perplex, confuse). 惑 also appears in the compounds 当惑とうわく (noun, suru verb: bewilderment, confusion), and 迷惑めいわく (noun, na- adjective: trouble, bother).

星 can be read by itself as ほし(star). It appears in words like 流れ星ながれぼし (noun: shooting star), 衛星えいせい (noun: satellite), and 星座せいざ (noun: constellation).


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